Borra Caves - Andhra Pradesh
Located at 92 km from vizag, Borra caves are a prominent tourist attraction in Andhra Pradesh. This cave is 100 meters wide and 75 meters high. Sprawling across an area of one square KM, these caves serve as the best spot for weekend getaway.
These caves are River Gosthani originates.This enchanting cave is discovered by a British geologist William King in the year 1807. Its nearby Araku valley and can be easily reached from there.
The most fascinating things about Bora caves is the picturesque valley that overlooks the cave, beautiful landscape, semi-evergreen moist deciduous forest. The caves were earlier called as Borra Guhalu. The caves were actually hidden from the human eyes and were discovered only during 1807 with the efforts of Geological Survey of India.
Borra Caves is where the Gosthani River originates. The water from the point of origination passes through the rocks made of different chemicals, leading to the formation of interesting structures like Lord Shiva-Parvati, Mother-Child, human brains, mushrooms, crocodiles and lot more. The salty substances in the rocks react with the water forming these artistic structures.
As an embodiment of the spiritual structures in this cluster of creations, a small temple is built outside this cave, worshipped by lot of devotees.
The entrance of the Borra caves are mind blowing to watch. There are naturally formed caves due to the perennial water flow over millions of years. These caves rank top among the largest caves in India. Borra caves exhibit a variety of speleothems ranging in size and irregularly shaped stalactites and stalagmites. They are basically karstic limestone structures extending to a depth of 80 m. The Dandakaranya - Bolangir - Kibur train track passes over the caves.
The interior parts of Borra caves are inhabited by the tribals of Jatapu, Porja, Kondadora, Nookadora etc. Indian Anthropologists have also found stone tools of middle Paleolithic Age which dates to 30000 to 50000 years and signifies the human habitation in the caves any thousand years ago. The general timings to visit the Borra caves is between 10 AM and 5 PM.
Visit Galikonda Viewpoint and Katika Waterfalls.
Way to Reach:
By Air: Vizakhapatnam airport is the nearest one to Borra caves at a distance of 78kms.
By Rail: Boraguhallu Railway Station is just at a distance of 1km from Borra Caves.
By Road: The road network across Andhra Pradesh can take you to Borra caves in a hassle free journey.